Upon proofreading this blog post, I confess it comes off as a little utilitarian. Trust me when I say that its utility in no way reflects my new-found love for the city of Krakow. I travel a lot, and its easy to get jaded. You see things as another museum, or another beach , or whatever. I can say, without reservation, After traveling Europe and the Near East continuously for months, Krakow, Poland is the one place I definitely want to go back to. It’s an amazing city, and provides a great travel experience.

The weather was very nice in summer. The people were all friendly and outgoing. The city of Krakow was easy to navigate. Even the new section of the city, which I wandered out into so I might find a laundry service, was easy to figure out. The sights are world-class, and the food/beer is exactly what you expect. Seriously, if you go to Krakow and don’t enjoy your stay, I’m pretty sure it you and not them. I absolutely loved it.

The Vistula River, Krakow, Poland. 2019. Brownell
The Vistula River, as seen from the ramparts of Wawel Castle, Krakow, Poland.

General Information.

Weather. I landed in Krakow in the latter part of June, 2019. The weather was absolutely fantastic. The whole time in the city was blue sky and sunny, with temperatures perfect for t-shirts and shorts. The days were warm to hot, and the evenings were pleasant.

The Old Town. Pretty much dead in the middle of the city, you’ll find the old town. It’s an area surrounded on three sides by a large encompassing green space, and at it south end by Wawel Castel. The old town holds everything from ST Mary’s Basilica, to museums, to monuments, and even a university. It is where you’ll come across most of the tourist-oriented offerings in the city. It’s open spaces are full of cafes and bars, and shops aren’t in short supply. It’s an easy-enough walk from the train station, as I made the walk twice.

Money. The Polish Zloty is the currency of choice in Krakow. The exchange rate, as of January 2, 2021, was 3.74 Zloty to 1.00 US Dollar. I never had any trouble finding ATM machines while in Krakow, and most of the vendors seem honest enough if you have trouble converting currency amounts in your head. After a couple days of using the currency, the math goes away and you just have a feel for what things cost.

Poland is part of the EU, and as such will be converting to the Euro eventually. There is no timeline for this transition.

Passports/Visas. Tourists coming to Poland will need a passport which is valid for at least six-months, and at least three-months validity remaining after leaving the Schengen Zone. If you plan to visit for less than 90 days, there in no visa requirement (USA Passport holders). There are also no vaccine requirements (A pre-COVID statement. Hey, the world’s a crazy places these days. I wouldn’t be shocked if they require a negative COVID test document for entry, whenever international tourism kicks off again.)

Language Barrier. Yet again I have to admit that I didn’t speak any Polish. I’m that guy that goes to other places and hopes somebody there speaks my language. That being said, I had zero problems with any language barrier while in Krakow. The English-speaking rate within the city was outstanding. I’m guessing that this is due to a young and outgoing population. There was a certain amount of signage that was completely in Polish, but it was of little distraction. Where I absolutely don’t recommend being an ugly tourist, and just assuming that people will bow to your wishes, getting around in Krakow with a couple basic Polish words, politeness, and a smile is pretty easy.

COVID-19 Issues. I was in Krakow in 2019. Currently, January 2021, Poland is about as well off as the rest of Europe. The country opened its borders to tourists from select countries in June, 2020. sadly America was not part of that group (yup, nobody likes us right now.)

Honestly, with countries opening and closing borders due to new strains of COVID, or hemorrhaging case numbers, I would research your specific travel country with your country’s tourism office (US State Department) for the latest information regarding travel. Keep in mind these organizations tend to hold a conservative view regarding international situations. Just, please, stay informed as you go.

Getting In and Out.

Poland is the largest economy in Central Europe. It’s an easy-enough place to get to. The city of Krakow is serviced by all major airlines. The John Paul II International Airport is located to the west side of the city. Major railroad lines also run through the city. The central train station is located in the center of the city, just north of the old town. It is a large and modern affair that is easy to navigate, and has a rail that runs out to the airport.

I travelled into and out of Poland via train. Using a EURail pass, I came into Poland from the Czech Republic. I left Poland and headed south to Austria by train as well. I had no problems crossing borders at the border stops, or using my EURail pass in Poland. Getting train reservations at the Krakow train station service counter was also quite straightforward. Poland has good countryside, and is an enjoyable journey by train.

View from the platform of the Krakow train station, Krakow, Poland. 2019. Brownell
Waiting on my train to Vienna, at the Krakow train station.

Lets Talk About The Tram For A Minute.

I travel mostly by public transportation. I like trains, planes, and the like. I’m not averse to renting cars, I just find them to be a hassle (the majority of the time). When I get to a city, I tend to walk a lot. When not walking, I take the metro, a tram line, or catch a cab.

In decades of travelling around places where I don’t speak the language, I can say that the tram service in Krakow is the only one that has completely baffled me. I couldn’t make it work for nothing! I would get on, and go the wrong way. I would use the wrong tokens for the rides. It was so confounding that it was funny. I was officially bested by an automated train. If you use the trams a lot while you travel, I recommend doing some research on this one before you go. Hopefully, you’ll fair better than I did.

My Headquarters.

While in Krakow, I stayed at the Rembrandt Aparthotel, located on the south end of the old town on Wislina Street. The hotel was hidden inside a centuries-old building, and the entrance was through the street-side carriage door using a provided key code. I literally can’t say enough good things about this place. It was a great place, in a great location, with a good view of the old town traffic, and the price was reasonable.

I have no association with the property. I found them through Booking.com (which I also have no association with, LOL!!) while I was in Prague. They had good reviews and proved to be an excellent choice. I would recommend staying inside, or directly adjacent to, the old town during your trip. It is where you’ll spend a bunch of time, so staying close by cuts down on walking and tram rides.

Inside entrance to the Rembrandt Aparthotel in Krakow, Poland. 2019. Brownell.
The entryway into my hotel. The hotel was located on the upper floors of the building.

City Highlights.

The old town area of Krakow is an amazing and densely-packed place. There is much to see and do. There are many excellent churches, and grand museums. You can find anything you like here, from tourist-book top tens, to funky craft markets selling tourist trinkets and paintings. After some exploration, these things appealed to me as being highlights of my trip.

Interior of Wawel Castle, Krakow, Poland. 2019. Brownell.

The Interior view from Wawel Castle. The castle complex sits at the south end of the old town, between old town and the Vistula River, and is easy to find. The castle complex draws many tourists, as it is home to the Wawel Cathedral. The complex is truly an amazing place to visit, and is well worth your time. There are different entry tickets, depending upon what you want to see, so ask questions at the ticket counter. Some parts of the complex are only open on certain days of the week. Built during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, the UNESCO World Heritage Site was the home to many of Poland’s great rulers.

The author inside the main chamber of the Dragon's Den, Wawel Castle, Krakow, Poland. 2019. Brownell.

The Dragon’s Den is a cave system or grotto, depending upon your interpretation of geology, that sits under the southern fortifications of Wawel Castle. The den was said to once be the home of a dragon that lived in the area. You can enter the cave from the castle, and exit it below, at street level by the river. It’s a fanciful alternative to the otherwise straightforward historical sites around it. Also, it’s cool in the summer, if you need a break. I’m pretty sure that I had to purchase a separate ticket for it when I entered, so ask at the ticket counter.

The exterior of The Cloth Hall, situated in the old town market square, Krakow, Poland. 2019. Brownell

Sitting dead in the middle of the old town square is the Krakow Cloth Hall. Once a major trading location, the Renaissance-era building is now the home of tourist stalls and cafes. It is open most days during standard hours, and is fun to walk through. The upper floor of the hall is also home to The Sukiennice Museum, and houses a permanent exhibit of Polish painting and sculpture.

Guard tower and ramparts section of the old Krakow Defenses, Krakow, Poland. 2019. Brownell

Toward the north end of the old town is the only remaining section of Krakow’s original fortification wall. The area around the section of wall is the home to street art sellers, and tourist stands. There are numerous cafes in the area, and it provides a nice distraction from more touristy areas to the south end of the old town.

Resting place of Nicolaus Copernicus, Krakow, Poland. 2019. Brownell.

The memorial to Nicolaus Copernicus, located inside a magnificent church (that since I have returned to the US, cannot figure out what its name is. ugh!!) located along the greenway on the western side of old town. The church is just up the way from the Nicolaus Copernicus statue, which is adjacent to the university. Where I’m a physicist by education, a stop here seemed a must-do event.

Awning of the Bulldog Bar, Krakow old Town square, Krakow, Poland. 2019. Brownell.

Let’s face it, sometimes you just want to sit down and have a beer. You’ve seen a pile of sites, and walked all over the place. Now, you’re hot, tire, and thirsty. It’s time for a beer. At this point, I would stop at a table outside the Bulldog Bar, on the north end of the old town square. The place had a good view, cold beer, and nice people. As one who has had a lot of beer, in a lot of places, I recommend it.

Freshly made pierogi, Krakow, Poland. 2019. Brownell.

While I’m on the topic of things that i definitely recommend, I definitely recommend the pierogi. Every place you will travel to has that dish that just sums up your experience, and in Krakow, Poland, this is it.

If you take a turn east off the old town square onto Sienna Street (???????), and wander along a ways, on the right hand side of the street you will come to a blue-fronted little pierogi shop. It’s was run by a pair of young ladies, and they do a brisk business. My lunch on several occasions (pictured to the left) were pierogis filled with red and black berries, and covered in cream sauce. It were absolutely fantastic!

I’m not saying that you need to stop at this particular place, but you definitely need to try them someplace, while you’re in town.

Some Final Thoughts.

Looking back over the pictures, the city looks a little like a one trick pony. It’s really, really not that way. I have come to notice that the majority of my posts are now a picture collage of the insides of museums and churches. I confess that I have those pictures from here as well. I just didn’t use as many of them in this post. While I was in the city, I explored several museums, and art galleries. I also stopped in on every church that looked worthwhile. The central part of Krakow is old, and as such has many very fine architectural and museums treasures.

I think that if you just see the museums and churches, you will do the city an injustice of sorts. Get out and sit in the cafes. Drink beer at a local bar. Pop into little restaurants and have a local dish. In a word, explore. Krakow has much to offer. And, I personally think, that its amazing spirit and openness is one of its greatest offerings.

Now, get out there. Find a new city to explore!

Everybody I know has either been to Prague or wants to go to Prague. So yes, I too made a stop to check out this trendy city on the banks Vltava River.

I found the capital city of the Czech Republic to be both charming, and (sadly) ridiculously overrun with people. Many of the city’s best sites were wasted on tourists attempting to see or be seen in densely packed throngs.

I think that the crushing masses are more noticeable in Prague because of its size. Where huge masses are everyday affairs in Frankfurt, London, or Paris (Rome deals with this continuously), Prague is considerable smaller in size. It’s warren of narrow streets and quaint squares become overwhelmed with people much easily.

Underneath the off-putting masses however, you will find a charming, medieval, well-maintained city. The people are friendly, and the sites are world-class. It’s worth taking your time to work around the crowds and see what the city has to offer.

General Information.

Weather. I made my way through Prague in the latter part of June, 2019, and the weather was excellent! Warm days, and blue skies. One morning required a long sleeved shirt, but otherwise it was t-shirt weather.

Money. The Czech Koruna is the national currency of the country, and the currency locally traded within the city. As of October 14, 2020, it’s exchange rate with the US Dollar was 23.200 Koruna to the Dollar.

The Czech Republic is going to transition to the Euro sometime in the future. The city sees so many European tourists that use of the euro isn’t a bother to a lot of shopkeepers. As with all travel, you’ll get the closest to banking exchange rates at bank ATM machines and by using credit cards for larger purchases.

Passport. You’ll need a valid passport for entry into the Czech Republic. Your passport will need to be valid for at least 90 days after your planned trip. The Czech Republic is part of the EU, so a visa for US based travelers is not required. You just need to factor your stay into your overall 90 day entry in the Schengen Zone, if you plan on exploring other countries as well.

Language. Once again, I found not being able to speak the language to not be much of a bother. Almost everyone I interacted with spoke passable English. Smile, be polite and a little humble, and things will go fine.

COVID-19 Issues. From the CDC website: “COVID-19 risk in the Czech Republic is high. CDC recommends travelers avoid all nonessential international travel to the Czech Republic.

From the US Embassy website: “Currently, American citizens cannot travel to the Czech Republic for tourism or business purposes unless they are immediate family members of Czech citizens or EU citizens residing in the Czech Republic.

Getting In and Out.

Prague is like any other European city. You can get there any way you chose to. Airplanes, trains, cars, by horse or foot, all are solid options.

I came into the city and left it by train. The Czech rail system is in good repair, and well managed. I came into the country from Hungary, without issue at the border. I left the country headed to Poland, also without issue.

I used a EURail pass for my travels inside the Czech Republic. I had no problems using the pass, or having it recognized by ticket checkers.

Navigating the City.

Prague tram. Brownell. 2019

One of the many trams crisscrossing Prague.

If you’re going far afield, the tram system will be desirable. The city is hilly, and there is a lot of walking up and down.

The river that cuts the city in two sits in a natural depression. You walk downhill to the river in both directions, so it’s uphill on the way home.

If you need the tram, definitely use it. Otherwise, I found the city to be quite manageable on foot. A great many of its nicer shops and sites aren’t located near tram stops, and walking really allows you to explore the city more deeply.

The city has a gritty, hard scrabble feel to it when you first arrive. Don’t worry about that. I found the whole place to be quite welcoming. I never felt put off when I was walking around. Even small side streets seems approachable.

Trip Highlights.

The city of Prague has many fine places, and in opposition to Internet opinions, Wenceslas Square and the National Museum are not among them. One is overrun and bland, yet with a fine statue. The other is a serious waste of your tourist dollar.

There are some nice places. I found the following to be enjoyable enough.

ST Vitus Cathedral. Brownell. 2019

The interior of ST Vitus Cathedral.

A tomb sculpture inside ST Vitus Cathedral. Brownell. 2019

A tomb sculpture inside ST Vitus Cathedral.

Prague Castle is a majestic and fascinating place to explore, and sitting right inside the fortifications of the castle is ST Vitus Cathedral. A stone and glass mountain you can’t miss, even if you try.

The cathedral is a superlative piece of architecture. Started sometime in the 1000s, it wasn’t finished until the 1800s. This explains its Romanesque facade.

The interior is chocker-block full of chapels and statuary. It requires some time to work your way through, and is worth all the time you will spend going through it.

It draws a big crowd, actually it draws about everybody. Just be chill and go through with the lines. It really is worth your time.

The Alchemist Museum, Prague. Brownell. 2019

Display inside the Alchemist Museum.

The Alchemy Museum. If you go down hill from the castle toward the Charles Bridge, you will wander past an unassuming place on the left called the The Alchemy Museum.

Walking in through the entrance gateway into the open and sunny courtyard, you’ll find the museum entrance on one side and the bar/cafe on the other. The tour is guided and covers two stories. It’s kitschy cool, and the museum guides are great fun. The whole thing takes about 30 – 45 minutes, and is a well-deserved distraction from all the serious history that surrounds it.

Ghosts and Legends Museum, Prague. Brownell. 2019

Display at Prague Ghosts and Legends Museum.

Prague Ghosts and Legends Museum. Continuing downhill from the Alchemy Museum, just before the Charles Bridge, you will eventually find a place called the Prague Ghosts and Legends Museum. I say eventually, because the entrance is on a alley-side street off the main tourist route and requires a bit of scouting to locate. (It even confused google maps). But, find it you shall.

The museum is a self-guided, two story affair, highlighting the local ghost stories and cool/creepy legends associated with the Czech capital city. It’s a quick, yet fun stop, and the displays are better than you expect them to be upon entering. You can do the whole thing in 30 minutes, and like the Alchemy Museum, it’s a good alternative to the heavily touristed sites. I had a good time there.

The Charles Bridge, Prague. Brownell. 2019

The Charles Bridge, Prague.

The Charles Bridge. At the bottom of the hill below Prague Castle, spanning the Vltava River, you will find the Charles Bridge. An iconic structure, steeped in lore and covered with statues. It’s also covered with people. All day, every day. So many people. Half of the people are tourists, the other half are people attempting to make money off the tourist. You know, people in costume for photos, character drawing artists, and the like. You will also come across the dreaded umbrella of the day tripping bus tour guide.

Seriously though, the bridge does draw a big crowd. There are spots on both banks where you can get good pictures of the bridge. Getting good pictures of the individual statues on the bridge is a little more problematic, but doable. The crowds show up just after the sun, and are there all day. Take a stroll across the bridge and use your traveler’s imagination. You’ll be able to have a story for your friends.

I asked my hotel desk staff what was the best time to go if I wanted a picture of the bridge with nobody on it. The man told me between 4 and 5 am might be okay, but he wasn’t sure. (It’s completely dark at that time of day, which made me laugh.)

The Astronomical Clock, Prague. Brownell. 2019

The Astronomical Clock on the Old Town Hall, Prague.

In the Old Town Square sits the Old Town Hall. The hall is host to one of Prague’s magnificent pieces, the astronomical clock.

The clock tower is easy to find, just look for the crowd once you enter the square. The clock draws a crowd for every cycling of its system. If you get there between cycling events, just grab a coffee or beer in the square and wait it out. It’s really worth the show.

It’s also worth the show, because it’s an up close and personal one. Where clock towers in Western Europe are massively tall affairs, this one is quaintly subdued. I honestly don’t think the clock is more than 30 feet off the ground. You’re literally looking right at it.

Old Town Square is easy to find, with a flow of people passing through it most of the time. You will no-doubt end up there at some point. Take in the clock while you’re there. It’s free, and cool.


I have to say that even with the crowds I enjoyed Prague very much. The city is easy to navigate, has lots of old stuff, a good castle, and plenty of places to drink beer. My favorite place being The Husinec. (See picture to follow.)

The Husinec entrance, Prague. Brownell. 2019

I imagine that the reason Prague is so overrun with tourists and travelers is that they are looking for the same thing I was looking for. That illusive “old Europe” that everyone talks about. The city has that, in spades! Still, it feels young and upbeat somehow.

Try not to get too bent out of shape by the crowds, and go explore the capital of the Czech Republic for yourself. Check the alleys and side streets, drink beer in the corner restaurants and hidden beer gardens, have a coffee in an old square. It’s all there to discover, if you’re willing to search it out.

Now get out there. Go explore somewhere new!



PS … I wasn’t going to add this part when I started, but have since changed my mind. One of the things I found somewhat off putting about Prague was its lack of respect for its scientific history. Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) was one of Prague’s honored sons, and a giant in the astronomical community. Yet, there is only a modest plaque on what was his house. Even his burial location inside the church is now relegated for the collection and stacking of pews and chairs. It’s a very sad note. There, I said it.

Budapest! Hungarian Magnificence.

***I wandered into Budapest in June of 2019. This blog post, minus the currency information and the updated COVID information, reflects that adventure. Please check with your embassy regarding the current travel situation.

Budapest, Hungary is a city where the beer is cold, the tourist sites are amazing, and the people are friendly. Two cities, melded into one, with layers of history, make for a rewarding travel experience. I greatly enjoyed my time in Budapest.

General Notes.

Weather. I visited Hungary in June, and the weather was fantastic! Hot sunny days, and warm mild nights. It is my understanding that Hungary follows the same basic weather patterns as the center of the European continent. I definitely didn’t need a jacket, and it was beautiful weather for my whole stay. Depending on your time of year, you’ll want to check the local weather to make sure.

The Danube. The Danube River cuts the city nicely to into two distinct halves. Originally, it separated two different cities. Initially the city of Buda sat on one side of the river, and the city of Pest sat on the other. Trade went back and forth via barge and boat. With construction of the Chain Bridge in 1849, the two cities merged in Budapest. The Danube River still holds command over the city, being the transit for river cruises and local sightseeing tours.

Chain bridge, Budapest. Brownell 2019
The author standing on the Chain Bridge, overlooking the Danube River, in Budapest.

Money. Everybody wants to know about money. Though a member of the E.U., Hungary does not utilize the Euro for its currency. The national currency of Hungary is the Hungarian Forint. The exchange rate with the U.S. dollar (as of 9-17-2020) was 305.977 Forints per 1 dollar.

Don’t worry too much about the currency exchange. Use ATMs to get cash, as they provide recognized exchange rates. Credit card purchases do as well. Just understand that Budapest is a tourist city, and is priced accordingly, and you’ll be fine. I found the prices not out of line with other countries.

Hotels, taxis and such are starting to post prices in Euros, as Hungary is going to go that way, sooner or later. If you work better in Euros (I’m personally fine dealing in Euros) this May be helpful for your budgeting.

Passports. You’ll need a passport with at least 6 months of remaining validity, and three month’s validity from your departure date out of the Schengen zone. Travels from the United States do not require a visa to visit Hungary for stays under 90 days, but the Schengen zone total travel of 90 days in the zone also does apply. So, you’ll need to consider any other destinations when making your plans.

There are no required immunizations to get before traveling. My only stop in the country was Budapest, and I found it to be quite safe and welcoming of tourists who don’t speak the language. That being said, one should always use sound judgement when out in public.

Language. I found not speaking any Hungarian to not be a problem. Most all people I encountered spoke enough English to have passable conversation. They all also seemed genuinely unbothered speaking English, as opposed to other countries I’ve visited who tend to get putout. I wouldn’t worry if you don’t speak the local.

COVID-19. The situation with the pandemic (as of 9-17-2020) is Hungary is a stage 3 country. The US State Department advises to reconsider travel at this time.

That being said, airports, cultural institutions, hotel, cafes, and bars are all open. Social distancing of 0.5 meters and wearing of a mask or face covering is expected in public settings.

***Foreigners without a residence permit will be banned from entering Hungary, effective September 1. Travel for business purposes and military convoys are possible, and there will be a humanitarian corridor. (US Embassy in Hungary website.)

Getting in and out.

There are numerous ways to get in and out of the Hungarian capital. All the major airlines have a route that goes through the city, so flying is an easy option. There is a good rail system in the country which makes traveling by train a definite option. And with its prominent location on the Danube River, there are also river cruise ideas to explore. I traveled into and out of Budapest by train. I found the rail system easy to navigate with a EURail pass, and most of the train choices I picked didn’t require a seat reservation. I also didn’t have any hassles at either of the railway border crossing.

Navigating the City.

The city of Budapest is mostly navigable on foot. I found meandering in one direction an then returning by metro or tram to be quite effective as well.
Street side cafe in Budapest. Brownell 2019
Street side cafe along the Váci Utca in Budapest. 2019

Generally speaking, the citadel hill, Fisherman’s Bastion, and great church are on the Buda side. The walking shopping areas, majority of outdoor cafes, churches and galleries are all on the Pest side. The major parks, the famous baths, and a large number of museums and monuments are also on the Pest side of the river. Hotels seemed to be scattered about on both sides.

I suggest walking around to get the lay of the land. Though the city is good sized, the main tourist sections are collected together nicely.

Some City Highlights.

A city that is as historical as Budapest should have loads of major attractions to draw in tourists, and it does. Here I picked some of the one I particularly enjoyed.
Buda Castle. Brownell 2019
Buda Castle as seen from across the Danube River in Budapest

Buda Castle is a site that you can’t miss. I literally mean you can’t miss it, as it takes up a good chunk of prominent ground on the Buda side of the city. All you need do is make your way across the chain bridge and ascend the hill. If you’re not a hiker, there are several options for getting up the hill, from a funicular to motorized tour couches. Personally, I didn’t find the walk terribly taxing.

The castle hill and ramparts offer great views of both the Danube and the Pest section of the city. Check in advance about open sections and times of day. Most all of the castle was closed when I was there.

The Great Market Hall in Budapest. Brownell 2019
The Great Market Hall in Budapest.
A produce stand in the Great Market Hall in Budapest. Brownell 2019
A produce stand on the ground floor of the Great Market Hall in Budapest.

The Great Market Hall is the oldest indoor market in Budapest. Holding a prominent location at major metro and tram stops, the market anchors one end of a large walking/shopping area on the eastern side of the Danube.

The lower floor of the market is mostly vegetable and meat stalls. The upper floor is general tourist stuff stalls and a host of food stalls. The food stalls get heavy traffic during the main hours, so go early to eat at one or just wander through. Either way, it’s a definite must-stop.

The Chain Bridge. Budapest. Brownell 2019
The Chain Bridge, as seen from Buda Castle, in Budapest.

The chain Bridge, a little walk along from the indoor market, is the first bridge to span the river between Buda and Pest. A walk across the bridge is easy and provides great views of some major attractions.

The chain bridge is a definite tourist item. It does draw crowds to it, and generates a lot of walking traffic. Most people are crossing either to or from the citadel on the Buda side of the Danube.

Matthias Church. Budapest. Brownell 2019
Matthias Church, located on the Citadel Hill in Budapest.
The Black Madonna. Budapest. Brownell 2019
The Black Madonna in Matthias Church. Budapest.

The Matthias Church sits directly in front of the world-famous Fisherman’s Bastion, on the citadel hill section of Buda. They even use the same ticket sales location.

The church is a beautiful piece of Romanesque architecture, and is very well preserved. In a section of the upper floor, there is a small museum with pieces important to the church and surrounding city.

In a small private chapel to the rear of the church you will find one of its prize jewels, the Black Madonna. The statue is credited with helping Christian forces recaptured the city of Buda from the Turks in the 17th century. It is a nice piece, and the small chapel gives it a full and inviting presence.

Saint Michael’s Church. Budapest. Brownell 2019
Saint Michael’s Church, located on the Pest side of the Danube River. Budapest.

ST. Michael’s Church is located along the pedestrian Váci Utca. This church is kind of indicative of other lesser churches in the city. The real beauty of this church is that it hosts live music in the evenings (along with some other churches). You can just walk up to the church during the day and buy tickets for later that evening. The evenings are comprised of classic works by various composers, and the tickets were quite reasonably priced. A great setting for a live music opportunity like this should be investigated.


With Budapest offering me a completely different view of Eastern Europe from that of Bucharest, I embraced the city quickly. It’s easy to navigate, and the people are quite friendly to travelers. Where I didn’t cover it here, make sure you spend some time in the parks. Budapest’s parks are lovely and well maintained. Get an ice cream and sit on a shady park bench. You’ll find the experience well worth your time.
Park sculpture. Budapest. Brownell 2019
Park sculpture in Budapest, Hungary.

Now, wait till COVID is over and then get out there! You have exploring to do.

Bucharest, Romania is one of those cities that takes work. It’s not going to give up its secrets to you easily, or all at once. You have to wade into it’s streets and alleyways and search around for yourself.

Though a member of the European Union, Romania is not part of the so-called, Schengen Zone. This is good for travelers. If you’re spending a bunch of time traveling, you won’t be burning up your maximum Schengen days (90 days within six months for westerners, if you’re curious) by visiting Romania. It still carries its own currency, so make sure you prepare yourself in advance, both monetarily and with visas (if needed. US citizens don’t need a visa to enter Romania.)

Bucharest has a completely different feel to it than the other Eastern European cities I visited during my journey. It’s harsher and more rugged than others. Not less refined, but definitely less polished. The Romanian people know this, and are pulling the city into the current age as best as they can.

I enjoyed my stop in Bucharest. It gave me a real contrast to my other stops. But it did require more work to enjoy.

If you read an earlier post about my stop in CluJ, Romania, you get a completely different feel for the country. CluJ is young and hip, while still embracing its past. Bucharest is much older and more languishing, like CluJ’s doting grandmother. It’s the contrast of places that makes travel interesting.

Following, I’ll try to do three days in Bucharest justices, without being overly critical.

Getting There, and Escaping.

Considering I was coming out of Israel, the easiest way to get to Bucharest was to fly. It was pretty easy to find a flight, as there were multiple international carriers making the trek in one direction of the other.

I chose the most reasonably priced ticket I could get, which led me to getting into Bucharest late in the evening. Too late to figure out buses and taxis. This led me to set up an airport transfer to my hotel before I left Israel. The transfer turned out to be a good idea, as the section of town that I found my hotel in got super sketchy after dark! (Like the hotel was locked up after dark sketchy.) it was reported to me that they had large problems with crime from the Gypsy population.

It turned out that, as long as the sun was up, the place wasn’t so bad. This made it possible for me to walk from the hotel to the train station for an early morning exit. Getting train reservations handled at the station in Bucharest wasn’t even remotely straightforward, as nobody spoke anything but Romanian. (Stay calm and smile Aaron. Keep looking harmless and you’ll get what you want, eventually) Getting my rail pass stamped and a reservation for the trip over to CluJ took me four ladies, at for different windows (one lady twice), and about an hour, but I got it done. And, I got a crazy lost in translation story out of the deal.

It was in and out via public transportation on this trip. I find it the easiest way to get around places I’ve never been. Don’t know that I’m excited about driving in Romania just yet.

Coming to terms with Eastern Europe.

Most of Eastern Europe is definitely in a state of transition. Countries that are trying to pull themselves out of communist depression and insert themselves into the new E.U., represent every level of this transition. Romania, though not a member of the Schengen Zone yet, is still doing all it can to survive and thrive in this new economic landscape.

At first sight, It is a lot to take in. The social feel of Romania is quite different than anything you will find in the west. They are holding on to their stoic, rural past, attempting to adjust as a slower pace.

The second definite thing that can’t be overlooked is the effects of Communism on the country. I literally mean you cannot not see it. Communist depression had a larger effect on Bucharest that it did on other Eastern European stops I made in my continued travels. Bucharest will need to work harder to dig themselves out.

Building in Bucharest, Romania. Brownell 2019
Building the new on the foundation of the old in Bucharest, Romania. 2019

And, they are definitely trying. New infrastructure and building projects are evident in many parts of the city that I visited. Old buildings are being repurposed, and new areas are being created from urban renewal. Just down the street from the building above was a fantastic green space with a fountain that fronted a modern shopping mall, with major retailers.

I suggest you just take it slowly. Don’t expect too much from the city and it will no doubt reward you with more than you plan on. Keep an eye open for change, and you’ll find it.

I became quite comfortable in the city, once I understood its nature. You just have to take it at a slower pace than other cities.

Happiness in the Despair.

The state of Bucharest reminds me of something Mark Twain said. It has “the mold and decay that go with antiquity.”

House in Bucharest, Romania. Brownell 2019
One of many grand old buildings slowly heading into decay. Bucharest, Romania 2019

As you make your way around the sections of the city that have not received any major rehabilitation (where I spent the majority of my time), you can feel it’s pre-communist charms. One of a handful of cities to wear the Moniker “Paris of the East”, the city’s architectural connection to the French capital is impossible to miss. Numerous examples of the French style exist around the city.

Sadly, with decades of communism came rot and ruin. The majority of the different structures I saw where in some state of advanced disrepair.

Happily, the city also seems to be becoming aware of the value of these old gems. Although it will be a slow and laborious process, I have faith the conservation efforts will begin to prevail as money is infused into their economy.

Definitely get out and walk around the side streets. I found numerous structures that made me believe in the previous splendor of the city. The architecture, even such as it is, is quite amazing.

Some Cultural Highlights.

I confess that I’ve been beating the place up. It does have a real depression about it in some areas. That being said, it also has some real gems. Here are just a few of those.

Kretzulescu Basilica, Bucharest, Romania. Brownell 2019
Interior of the Kretzulescu Basilica in Bucharest, Romania. 2019

The Kretzulescu Basilica is a small but otherwise completely over-adorned church, just down the street from the Royal Palace of Bucharest. The church is free to enter (or it was when I visited) and is a good look at past religious representations.

Every inch of its interior surfaces are covered in paintings or reliefs. Even the inside of the exterior entryway is completely covered. The works are almost completely intact and well-maintained. It’s a lovely distraction while you’re out exploring, and I would suggest checking it out.

Girl with pitcher, National Museum of Art, Bucharest, Romania. Brownell 2019
Stature of a girl with a pitcher, located in the stairwell of the National Museum of Art, in Bucharest, Romania. 2019

Directly next to the Royal Palace of Bucharest, and sitting inside the same courtyard, you’ll find the National Museum of Art of Romania.

I found a tour of the art collection to be a wholly satisfying experience. The collection, laid out over multiple floors in the museum, is a mixture of painting and sculpture. The exhibit is quite enjoyable, but not exhaustive. I toured it in an hour or so.

Unlike museums in the west, there was no line to queue in. I walked straight in to the ticket agent. She was warm and welcoming. The museum was also sparsely inhabited, which gave it a very intimate feeling. I enjoyed the stop very much.

The Romanian Athenaeum in Bucharest. Brownell 2019
The stage of the lavish Romanian Athenaeum.

The Romanian Athenaeum, up and across the street from the Palace is a lovely and magnificently well-maintained concert hall. It is also where you will get your lingering post-communist welcome. The man working as the ticket seller and security enforcer has no sense of humor that he knows of. Just kidding, I’m sure he’s a likable old dude, but he’s a little stiff.

The concert hall is amazing in its architecture and decoration. The quick tour is well worth your time.

Directly adjacent to the Athenaeum is a restaurant called Trattoria II (I think). Anyway, you can’t miss the signs. It’s worth stopping in the outside courtyard for a cool down beer, if nothing else.


Though I confess I was a little harsh on Bucharest, I am truly happy that I made the trip there. Travel, to be truly rewarding, shouldn’t always be easy. I think we forget that, at times.

You should make more time in your travels for places more remote, wether that be in location or economy. The lack of ease adds to the experience you take away.

I would recommend a stop in Bucharest. I would also recommend you follow it up with a stop in another Eastern European location. This way, you will get context. Without context, you can’t form an accurate opinion of a place. (Or, that’s my opinion on the matter.)

Now, go somewhere and do something. Have a new experience!

The vast majority of people who do not live in Jerusalem are primarily coming to the city to see, pray, or be in one of these three places. The literal focal point for the majority of the worlds faiths, these sites draw staggering crowds.

Even with sometimes crushing crowds, these major holy sites can be warm, welcoming, and inspiring. The people of Jerusalem who administer them will be found to also be warm and hospitable, if approached with humility. (They deals with ridiculous crowds of people)

Saving the big stuff for last, let’s take a look at the major holy sites located inside the walls of the old city.

The Western Wall

The Western Wall, Jerusalem. 2019

The Western Wall in Jerusalem. 2019

The Western Wall of the Temple Mount is a remaining section of retaining wall from the second temple period. It was used to encase the Temple Mount and provide extra space for construction of the temple. It is the holy site for people of Jewish faith in old Jerusalem.

Considering it’s a major holy site, it’s not particularly easy to get to if inside the city. From the outside, there is a gate that accesses it directly (The Zion Gate), making it easy for the bus loads of pilgrim tour groups that descend upon it. From inside the city, one must follow a winding maze-like route to its internal entrance.

As with the Dome of the Rock, situated above it, don’t plan on getting in without a thorough scanning. The Israeli defense force takes security around the area seriously. Also, picture taking isn’t really approved in the area of the Western Wall’s prayer section, as it’s deemed to be quite rude.

(If you want to take good pictures, there is an observation area behind and above the open area of the wall. You have to access it from outside the security area, but it’s easy enough to find.)

Independent of your beliefs, a stop by the Western Wall is a must. No other place is as quintessentially Jerusalem as here.

The Temple Mount

The Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem. 2019

The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, 2019.

The Temple Mount in Jerusalem is crowned by one of the most beautiful mosques I have seen, The Dome of the Rock. Believed to be the spot where Mohammed ascended into heaven, it is a major holy site for people of the Islamic faith.

The Temple Mount area where the Dome of the Rock stands is also believed by many to be the location of Solomon’s Temple, which makes it a holy site for Jewish people as well.

The courtyards and areas around the mosque are open and airy. The whole place has a calming effect that I cannot adequately put into words. You will leave your visit there feeling different than before you went. It’s true.

There are a couple different ways to approach the Temple Mount. I took the covered walkway connecting it to the Western Wall. There is also an entrance on its other side. Like the wall, be prepared to get checked and scanned before being allowed entrance. With all the tensions in the land, this security effort should be expected and appreciated.

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem. 2019

Entrance for the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. 2019

Shrine inside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Jerusalem. 2019

The Aedicula Shrine covering the empty tomb, inside the domed Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. 2019

If you walk around lost in old Jerusalem for any amount of time, you’ll end up in the courtyard for the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. I’m not sure why all paths seem to lead there, but the do.

The otherwise unassuming old building, according to tradition, contains both the site of the crucification at Calvary and the site of the resurrection in Jesus’s empty tomb.

The church is considered one of, if not the, holiest site in the Christian faith. As such, it receives an overwhelming amount of tourists. The interior of the church is large and multi-stories, but somehow still feels like it will burst at the seems if any more people try to enter. Groups (think slow moving bus tour groups) come and go in waves.

When you are going to attempt the church, draw a deep breath, and calm yourself before you start. Remember, this is a holy place, act accordingly.

Otherwise, you’ll definitely enjoy a stop here. The inside of the church, and it’s many side-areas, are absolutely stuffed with paintings and iconography. The site, if approached in the appropriate manner, is quite moving.


Though I’m not particular religious in any fashion, I found visiting the holy sites to be quite a moving experience.

Standing on the Temple Mount, surrounded by the large vistas of the holy land, left me with a deep moving feeling that didn’t let go of me for many hours afterward. History and religion radiate from every rock and tree on the Mount. Being there, and absorbing that, was as close to a religious experience as I have ever had. I left the Mount with a profound sense of being.

The experience of visiting the big three holy places is greatly worth the trouble that it takes to do so. Most of the planet is trying to do what you are doing. Be the deliverer of peace in this setting, not the instigator of misery. Being calm and patient will increase your experiences here immeasurably. Trust me on this one!

The author standing on the Temple Mount. 2019

The author standing on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, 2019.

As soon as COVID lets the world travel again, consider Israel and the Holy Land. An experience I wanted to have for decades was more than worthwhile on every level. Definitely visit Israel.

Go. Explore. Learn.

Jerusalem is a city that, I think, defies description. How you choose to try and describe it completely depends on the point of view you bring with you. Ancient, storied, troubled, and revered; the city is a gathering of cultures, treasure seekers, religious zealots and pilgrims of every type. That statement is true even today.

In this overview of a couple days in Jerusalem, I am intentionally not covering the Western Wall, the Temple Mount, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. They will be touched on separately in the next post.

I think I’m like most people in the world when I say that I’ve always wanted to go to Jerusalem. I’m not religious in any particular way, so a draw toward the holy land isn’t what modern social media would call spiritual. If I’m honest, I think it’s the blood soaked sands. So much history has happened, and is still happening, in such a confined area that it has a draw on me to go there and see for myself.

I am happy to report that the city and its surroundings were everything and much more than I hoped to experience. The city is truly amazing. Even with all of the problems that swirl around it, and the heavy policing presence, the city has a calming factor that is hard to explain. I had an incredible experience exploring the narrow alleyways and congested streets, never once feeling (overly) uncomfortable or out of place.

Where I Stayed.

Christmas Hotel. Jerusalem. Brownell. 2019

My hotel for my stay in Jerusalem. Just a short walk from both the gate into the old city and the tram. 2019

I found a hotel on booking.com outside the city walls that allowed me easy access to both the city gates and the local tram system. The Christmas Hotel was a nicer experience than what I had paid for online, and much less expensive than the over-priced hotels inside the city walls.

It was a lovely little hotel inside an old stone building, across from a church, on a quiet side street. I walked from the hotel down into the city and also across to the Mount of Olives, never feeling insecure in my travels. (I should say once again, I have a pretty good level of situational awareness when it comes to traveling, you should never work outside your comfort area just because someone else says it’s okay.)

The hotel was great. The staff was great, as was the breakfast! I liked staying there a lot. (I’m not affiliated with either the hotel or booking.com. I’m just passing along info.)

The Layout of the City.

The city is a warren of overstuffed small alleys and congested narrow streets broken infrequently by congested open areas. Most of the open areas holding a major historical item of interest (church, mosque, or the like).

Where the city is broken down into quarters, they are really only of use to the locals. For tourists, you are going to find countless orientation signs when you enter though any of the gates that lead you off toward whatever. You’re going to end up following the signs most of the time. It’s okay, that’s why their up there.

Most all the navigational signs lead you in toward a particular religious site or out toward a gate. All the gates are named. You definitely need to know what gate you enter, as walking around the outside of the walls when you exit the wrong gate isn’t a real option.

If you’re really in doubt, ask one of the Israeli security forces. They know the place better than anyone.

Walls of Jerusalem outside the Jaffa Gate. 2019

The defensive walls of the old city in Jerusalem. 2019

The city of Jerusalem is one of the most completely walled cities that I have been in while traveling. It gives a much more palpable experience than any of the half reconstructed European walled cities I’ve been in. When you walk around it, you can literally feel what it was like to be living here in earlier times.

Congestion Inside the Walls.

The Corona Virus travel hiatus aside, Jerusalem is a congested place. The old walled city of Jerusalem is even more congested than the rest.

Where the modern city of Jerusalem is much more than the what you see in pictures of city walls and old stone buildings, what almost everybody goes to see is inside and adjacent to the walls of the old city.

Since the area of the old city is fixed by the ramparts and gates of antiquity, it gives no room for the ever-increasing number of people to expand out in to. The small streets and alleyways are almost constantly congested with people (both local and tourist). The open areas and cafes are also nearly always full. There are definitely more people inside the city walls than the area will hold.

The big three holy sites are the same. Waves of people come and go, more coming than going. There are basically always multiple people around you. It’s life inside the walled city. But, if you take a deep breathe and pause, an opening will always appear to let you see what you want to see or to take a picture. Everyone is doing the same thing, so just pause and breath. It will help you immensely!

Walking traffic on the bus Dolorosa, Jerusalem.2019

Traffic along the Via Dolorosa comes and goes in thick waves. Jerusalem. 2019

New Jerusalem City.

There is a large area of Jerusalem that isn’t the old walled city or the Mount of Olives area. The city is an expanding, modern place. It has all of the layers of government and infrastructure that any city has.

That being said, there isn’t much out there that a traveler is going to get excited about, especially if you’re on a religious journey of any kind. The one thing I would solidly recommend is a trip across town to The Holocaust History Museum.

The museum is an easy tram ride away from the old city area. The museum is deep, and moving. You will leave there will a profoundly different view of things. It is absolutely worth your time and effort to visit.

Roadside artwork. Jerusalem. 2019

Artwork along the roadside in the new city section of Jerusalem. 2019

Holocaust Museum. Jerusalem. 2019

Main walkway of the Holocaust Museum in the new city of Jerusalem. 2019

Getting Around Town.

Getting into Jerusalem is easy. Take the bus from about anywhere in Israel. You’ll need a Rav Cav card to utilize public transportation, which is easy to obtain.

Getting around Jerusalem is pretty much the same. There is a tram system that runs through the middle of the city. There is also a bus system to get you around. There are cabs and such, but everybody seems to go after public transport.

I used the bus to get to/from Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. I used the tram inside Jerusalem, or I walked. You can walk pretty comfortably around the old city area. The tram is timely and clean. I never used the local bus, as I couldn’t figure out the bus system routes and timetable.

Some of the Other Holy Sites.

Old city of Jerusalem from above. 2019

The Old City of Jerusalem as seen from above. 2019

You go in the Jaffa Gate, past the alley shops and on to the t-shirts sellers, and then on to an open square. In the triangular shaped square (I know, it’s a paradox) there is a huge church.

The church is a cathedral or Basilica or church of some variety (I’m honestly not sure what it is, or it’s name for that matter) which has a large tower with a spire. Seriously, you won’t be able to miss it. And where the church is nice in a spartan kind of way, the view from the tower is what you go in for.

From the observation ring at the top of the tower you get a 360-degree view of the old city. A good look-see allows you to get bearings and decide on landmarks before getting lost in the warren of congested alleyways.

The church also has a subterranean section which allows you to view ancient building foundations. It’s all a good starting point for what’s to come.

Mount of Olives. Jerusalem. 2019

The Old City as viewed from the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem. 2019

The Mount of Olives seems like a daunting walk when you look at it from the ramparts, but it’s really not. The religious sites start right at the bottom of the hill, and meander their way up the hillside. It’s an easy walk from one site to the next. As long as you rest a little bit at each site, you’re good to go.

That being said, the grade going up the Mount is steep. Wear good shoes and drink ample water. Otherwise, enjoy your time.

Some of the numerous things to see and experience are the many cemeteries, the Garden of Gethsemane, and Mary’s Tomb, along with a host of churches and shrines.

Stop VII on the Via Dolorosa, Jerusalem. 2019

Stop number VII on the Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem. 2019

The Via Dolorosa is believed to be the path that Jesus walked on the way to his crucifixion. It’s the path that hosts the stations of the cross, which are identified across the city by identifying numbers set into the walls at each location.

The route is extremely popular with tour groups who stop at each of the stations and generally cause chaos for everyone else trying to walk around the city.

Even though biblical scholars seem to have agreed upon the idea that this route isn’t the real route Jesus took, the tour guides don’t seem to care. Just give them a minute and they’ll move on. Once they’re gone you’ll have a minute or two to take each place in before another tour group comes along. Just smile, and accept that it is the way it is.


Jerusalem was everything that I wanted it to be. It was old. It was religious. It was chaotic. It was a simmering cauldron of cultures, not completely coexisting. It was exotic smells. It was exotic tastes. It was (almost) overwhelming in its complexity.

I have to say that I took way more away from the experience than I had initially planned on. That, for me, is the truest sense of what travel is all about. The city is simply magical.

Now, stop listening to me, and go explore for yourself. Get out there. See the world!

I absolutely love Tel Aviv!

No, Seriously!

The city is young, vibrant, and very trendy for a beach town. It’s clean, and well-kept. It has a youth and energy not felt in other places around the region. AND, unlike the international news media would lead you to believe, is generally safe and welcoming!

It’s definitely one of my favorite places to have visited off the eastern end of Mediterranean.

My Hotel Option.

I spent my stay in Tel Aviv at The Gordon Inn. Frankly, I picked it because it was close to the beach and got good reviews. It was also inexpensive … for Tel Aviv.

A note about hotels. There are a lot of properties in Tel Aviv that are listed as hotels, but actually aren’t. They are B&Bs and the like. You won’t actually notice the difference until you book a reservation. After, they will start assailing you to email them copies of your passport and such to secure your stay. I’m not sure what the game is, but I don’t stay in such places. Search out real hotels, especially when it comes to sharing personal information with people you’ve never met.

Back to the hotel. It was excellent, and offered up everything I needed. The two young women that ran the front desk were the best! Super friendly, and super helpful. I enjoyed the stay.

(I have no affiliation with them, I just enjoyed my time there.)

Tel Aviv Hotel Balcony, Brownell, 2019

The view from my hotel’s coffee area in Tel Aviv. 2019

Eating Out.

There’s no way around it, Tel Aviv is expensive. It’s like a level above NYC expensive. You’re gonna burn through some cash while you’re there.

Since I’m naturally the backpacker type, not eating in restaurants and other high end places doesn’t bother me. A beer on the beach, sandwich from a corner stand or coffee shop, that type of thing works for me most days.

While in Tel Aviv I spent a lot of time searching out places that have lunch specials. (there are a bunch.) I also stopped at the outside bars and cafes that had a happy hour deal. (There are a lot of these as well.) even specials can seem a little pricey there, if you’re from somewhere that is more mostly priced. My suggestion is just look around and see where you can shave a shekel or two. Every little bit will help.

Dizengoff Street, Tel Aviv, Brownell, 2019

Dizengoff Street, bar and restaurant central in beachside Tel Aviv. 2019

The Beach Scene.

I don’t live at the beach, normally. I’m what one might call a destination beach guy. When I want to beach, I go to the beach.

The beaches in Tel Aviv are excellent! I was there in June, and the water was beautiful. The beaches were also quite popular, as the heat was turning on for the summer in the Near East.

All the beaches along the section of the city that I was staying in were basically free. There were roped off sections for different hotels’ lounging areas, but the actual water frontage of the beach was open.

Tel Aviv is a young city. Be proxy, it has a young beach scene. It also seems to draw a lot of young tourist groups (think westerners), so that also adds to the young beach scene. The energy on the beach is vibrant, and a good reflection of the city as a whole. You’ll have a good time at the beach there!

Safety note: drink a lot of water. The sun and daytime temperatures in the area are much hotter than Europe or North America. You will dehydrate if you don’t take an active roll in drinking water while you’re outside.

Gordon Beach, Tel Aviv, Brownell, 2019

Gordon beach in Tel Aviv. One of the many great beaches in the city.

Jaffa Port.

A causal walk down the beach from the main part of Tel Aviv city gets you to the Old Jaffa Port area. I confess that this is where I actually wanted to stay, but it’s hotels are higher priced than the ones in the city center area.

The old port is spectacular, and well maintained in that old-but-useable way that many significantly old areas are. A walk around the area is a must-do if you’re in the city more than a day.

The views from the reinforced walls, both out to sea and back up the beach line, are outstanding. You’ll find many small shops in alleyways, and historic markers for different events. There are a couple different walking tour options available, if you’re interested in a thorough history lesson. I kind of just wandered around and enjoyed the views.

Jaffa Port, Brownell, 2019

Old Jaffa Port in south Tel Aviv. An easy walk down the beach.

Old Jaffa Port, Brownell, 2019

Looking back up the beach from the ramparts at the old Jaffa Port in Tel Aviv. 2019

The Walking Tour.

A walking tour, wether impromptu or organized, is a great way to see the city and not necessarily spend a bunch of money. I recommend the idea.

I spent part of every day in Tel Aviv out walking around. There’s a lot to see. The many side streets have pleasant little communities that feel individual. I’d walk for a while and then stop and have a coffee or a beer at some corner establishment. It was a great way to get a little bit more of a personal feel for the place.

Safety note: I’ve walked around in a bunch of super-sketchy places in the Near and Middle East. Most all of those experiences I wouldn’t recommend. You need to have common sense and good street smarts to do those things.

That being said, Tel Aviv is not those places! It feels shockingly safe to move around in. I walked a bunch of it and never felt unsafe in any of it. Seriously, I’ve been in parts of London and Paris that are way less safe than any part of Tel Aviv I was in. Still, keep your wits about you as you explore. The locals know who the tourists are.

Rabin Square Pool, Tel Aviv, Brownell, 2019

Water lilies on the water at Rabin Square in Tel Aviv.


The prices are big. The beaches are great! The people are friendly. The beer is cold.

Other than price, which is just part of life, I have trouble finding anything to complain about. I had a great time in Tel Aviv! I want to go back, right now! It’s so different from other places I’ve been in the region that it feels like you’re almost not in the “East” anymore.

I would definitely put it on your travel list.



Now get out there! Explore new places! (After corona travel restrictions are lifted anyway.)

For any real traveler, Israel is a bucket list destination. A crossroads of history and religion, the area possesses countless opportunities for both tourism and exploration.

Granted, the country and surrounding area has a long been the home of political problems and violence. that situation has made many travelers reluctant to attempt the country. I confess, I put it off going for many years.

That being said, traveling to Israel is now one of the absolute highlights in my many years of traveling the globe. The land is inspiring, the beaches are fantastic, and the history is without equal. On top of that, the people are amazingly friendly and helpful. Your traveling experience will (or should) end up being exactly the opposite of what the international news would have you to believe.

(I have found that, almost without exception, the news media is only around to spread fear and distrust. All of the places I have traveled to have been much less problematic than I was led to believe.)

I had an excellent time in Israel, and found it adequately safe to travel in. That’s the upside. The downside: the country isn’t cheap and it isn’t necessarily easy. (I mentioned my banking dilemma in the last post.) I’m going to dedicate this quick post to the beginning and end exasperation; aka, getting in and out of the country!

Coffee shop napkin. Te Aviv, Israel. Brownell 2019

Found this bit of wisdom at a corner coffee shop in Tel Aviv.

Arriving in Tel Aviv.

I’m just gonna say it, straight up. Ben Gurion International Airport outside Tel Aviv is the main entry point for the country, and an absolute shit-show! The airport experience was awful!

The entry area is this big open area at the bottom of a long ramp. There were two customs people on duty when we arrived, one for nationals and one for everybody else. Multiple planes of people ended up filling the area in makeshift, self-forming lines that the the immigrations did nothing to control or direct. It was an absolute fiasco!

Finally realizing the situation was out of control, one more immigration person appeared. They made no attempt to better the situation at all. They simply opened a booth and started randomly picking people out of the crowd to check. It took the better part of two hours to get a stamp in my passport. When I actually got to the counter, I was asked like two or three questions. (One of them being; you’re american? Which should have been obvious from my passport.)

The airport was shockingly disorganized!

Leaving Tel Aviv.

I would desperately love to tell you that the above episode was a one-off, and my departure was smooth and easy. Sadly, that would be untrue.

The whole departure extravaganza was as big a fiasco as the arrival had been, just on a grander scale. There were numerous ticket agents, collecting people out of numerous interwoven lines of people.

All the time you stood in line, you were looked at by wandering customs agents that walked around randomly inspecting passports. (I’m going to forgo the obvious similarity to the KGB of 80s movies, but yes. It was exactly like that.)

The airport experience as a whole is extremely unwelcoming.


Yes, the above was pretty harsh. It was also factual. Numerous internet lists have Kuwait International as the worst airport on the planet. Having flown in/out of Kuwait several times, I really think that Ben Gurion International airport gives them a run for their money. It’s really not good.

The airport is however, a contrast to the rest of your experience. Israel as country is Fantastic! Tel Aviv is an amazing city with excellent beaches. Jerusalem is almost unexplainable. (though I will attempt it in an upcoming post) The place is definitely worth your time. The travel experience there is literally bucket list, one of a kind.

That being said, it all starts with getting there and gone. That experience hopefully won’t taint the remainder. I hope your entry and exit was better than mine.

Now, get out there! See the world!

(After the Corona, that is.)

Living out of a backpack and communicating to the world via cellphone internet taught me some things. A bunch of it was really common sense stuff, but some of it was stuff I wouldn’t have considered (until I found myself needing to consider it).

Either way, this blog post is kind of dedicated to the odds and ends of traveling abroad. Not visas and shot records, but laundry and toothpaste. I hope you find something useful in it that makes your trip better or you’re at least happy to laugh at my pain.

Pay attention to details when booking online.

I got into a habit of booking my hotels and flights a jump in advance as I was going along. I found that having the next leg already planned out took a lot of the stress out of going from one country to another.

Of course, this meant that I had to project out where I was going to be in advance. This projection required a lot of flipping between Expedia/Booking and the calendar on my phone.

This flipping back and forth that I mention here lead to a couple of occasions where I looked at the wrong date and made bad reservations. Made them for the wrong week, or the wrong day. With most of them being non-refundable, my lack of attention to detail became stress-inducing.

My suggestion is to double check all of your info before you book online. Definitely do it if the reservation is non-refundable. I was fortunate and most all reservations were turned around without extra charges, but I was definitely lucky here. I could have easily paid for reservations that I ended up not using. Definitely check your data!

Using your airport downtime.

See, I get bored pretty easy. It’s life, I guess. It usually leads to bar time.

When I left for Europe, I decided that I was just going to make it all up as it went along. Take the train, take the plane, whatever was easy and cheap would be fine. I wasn’t in a hurry anyway.

This led to a lot of airport downtime and long train rides. What to do with 8 hours to kill at the airport? What to do with a 9 hour train ride?

I have two thoughts for this dilemma: movies on my iPad, and books on my iPhone. This was the first time I carried an iPad in my travels. It was extra weight while on the Camino, but it was the best thing ever for the rest of the trip. Movies kill downtime. Books on the phone kills train travel.

One of my best ideas. I just downloaded new books as I went along, and added a movie here and there. I will definitely bring my iPad on the next trip!

Understand how to use train tickets, before you try to use train tickets!

So I left America with two EURail passes in my bag. One good for five days, and one good for fifteen days. I validated the five day pass in Spain, after exiting the Camino de Santiago Pilgrimage. The man at the service counter in Logrono, Spain, was super cool and helped me with both the validation and seat reservation. That was the good example.

After landing in Bucharest, Romania, I decided to go back to the ways of train travel. So, with a smile on my face, I walk down to the train station and searched out the service counters. Hmm, I don’t read Romanian, but window number one says special something on it. I decided to try that.

Nice old lady number 1 spoke no English, and had never seen a EURail pas before. She told me some stuff in Romanian, and pointed me to another window. Lady number 2 told me in broken English that she didn’t do that and to go to window 3. The super nice old lady in window 3 didn’t speak English BUT had actually seen a EURail pass before. She pointed me back to the special stuff window. By now it was break, and lady number 1 went on break. Nice old lady number 4 had a cross-window conversation with nice old lady number 3. The pass got stamped and validated. After, I had to point at the computer screen (think old green dot matrix screen) to indicates the train reservation that I wanted.

As I walked out of the service area with my train reservation, all 4 ladies were smiling politely and looking at me like I was an absolute idiot! It was probably warranted.

(Should of had them both stamped in Spain!)

Utilitarian affairs. I need toothpaste!

So I’m standing there in this Spanish grocery store with a tube of what I think is toothpaste. I can’t read the Spanish label, and no one working at the store is nearby. It looks like toothpaste, but then again, it also looks like it could be some nasty tasting cream or something? What to do? Frankly, I buy it and hope for the best! (Turns out it was toothpaste.)

While I was preparing for the Camino de Santiago pilgrimage I spent a bunch of time on YouTube watching videos from other pilgrims about packing and such. Every one of them said not to pack any big amount of personal hygiene stuff.

Now, they definitely meant keep using hygiene stuff. It was more of a nod to the fact that you could pick it up along the way, so there wasn’t any point in carrying the extra weight.

I halfheartedly believed this advice, so I packed about enough volume for a week. When that week came and went, I had to go out one night and go shopping.

Just as advised, Europe has all the necessities, same as America does. Granted, individual brands and styles vary wildly, but it’s all there.

Following this realization, I spend the remainder of the summer shopping as need be. It cut the weight in my pack by a small amount and left more room for souvenir t-shirts. Plus changing from planes to trains as I did, I found myself with less stuff that wouldn’t go through the airport scanners.

Shopping on the local economy is a great way to get a completely different feel for a location. And, it’s actually good fun. Definitely try it!

Talking politics with locals.

Though a time-honored and well-established travel no-go area, I find talking politics with the locals to be very informative about the true local situation, and it can be great fun.

In a world where the mass media out rightly lies to the public as a general matter of business, the only real way to understand world affairs is to engage them for yourself. This situation I undertook recently with my hotel’s desk man in Athens.

Over the course of two different interactions we had a thoroughly engaging conversation regarding the state of Greece in the E.U. I was interested in the state of Greece as a country. He was interested in the U.S. perception of the situation. It was a great political exchange, as he had commuted onto the mainland from one of the islands to find work, and I was traveling around in search of knowledge (inspiration, joy, creative spark, awe, whatever).

I have done such in Greece, Israel, Australia, and Ireland, to name a few. Always, I have found people to be genuine, engaging, and interested. I usually always come away with views unheard on any tv network, and information that rings much truer to the ear. I highly suggest you try it on your next trip.

Having a monetary backup plan.

I stumbled off the plane in Tel Aviv, and attempted to find an ATM at the airport. There was one prominently located in arrivals before you walk out the door. I grabbed some cash, and my debit card worked fine.

The next day, kinda broke (Israel is expensive!) I trudged out to find another ATM machine. I stopped at two different banks and a general street corner ATM, and none of them would take my card! Ugh!!!!

This forced me to call my bank on the other side of the planet and inquire what was going on. They were quite happy to explain that just because my debit card had a visa logo on it, all banks didn’t do business with all banks. I should just try another bank.

But, I could just use my credit card anywhere. I thanked them for the help and hung up the phone thinking to myself; that would be awesome if I knew what my PIN number was! Ugh!!! Number 2.

If you’re going abroad, know the PIN number for your credit card. It will save you a bunch of grief, and walking. I ended up trying out two more banks before I found one that liked me. Got in a good walking tour of Tel Aviv in … I guess.

Tel Aviv beaches. Brownell. 2019

Yours truly, walking around Tel Aviv.


Don’t stress too hard over a little wasted money. Don’t stress too hard about a little wasted time.

Just cool your jets a bit, and take things in stride. Craziness is going to happen when you travel. It adds a little spice to your adventures. And, it gives you good stories to share at your next bar stop!

Now, get out there after Corona! Make some travel mistakes, and have a great time!

I was in Turkey back in the 80s but never really hit any of the major cities. Wandering around the deserts in the East made me want to return. And, after 30 some years, I finally managed to do so.

Obviously, Istanbul was an absolute must-stop destination. So many different travel segments have been done on the city that everybody I know who travels has either already been there or just sighs and says that they’ll get there one day. It’s that amazing o a place. And, it turns out that it’s actually all true!

Getting to Istanbul.

Getting to Istanbul is pretty easy. Most all major airlines fly there. The international airport is pretty new, vast, and requires some walking to navigate. Rolling through customs isn’t tricky, and language skills aren’t required. Everyone speaks enough English for you to get by. Getting from the airport to the city is another matter altogether. The new international airport is like 40 miles west of the city. There is no train service to it, at this point. It does have a bus service of some variety that you can use, but I wasn’t tempting fate. There are several different hotel transfer services that do a brisk business. I utilized one that I found online while still in Crete. I’m pretty sure it was called Kiwi Taxi. They took all of the hassle out of the situation. Probably the most productive $40.00 I spent while I was there. I highly suggest the hotel transfer service. Also keep in mind that the old airport on the eastern side of the Bosporus is still open and active. It is closer, but in a different direction. Check and make sure you understand what direction you are entering the city from. I flew into the new airport and out of the old airport, which caused me some temporary logistical problems.

Stop! Know the details in advance.

A word of caution: check your paperwork. The Near East isn’t Europe. Before i left the USA, I had made a whole spreadsheet with all of the information I needed about each country I thought I would visit. It had common currency, type of electric plugs used, transportation options (whether I was flying in/out or using the train), weather, and oh ya, entry requirements. I left the spreadsheet at the house, so it slipped my mind that I might need a visa to get into Turkey. Ugh! As I was laying on my hotel bed in Crete looking for hotel transfers, I happened to stumble on a website headline announcing visa requirements. Needless to say, that grabbed my attention. Fortunately for this story, it turns out you can get an almost instant eVisa, if you have a digital passport photo, a credit card, and a good internet connection. 2 or 3 hour crisis finally averted. That was, until I clicked on the US State Department website. The state department informed me that it was unwise to travel to Turkey at this time. It was highly suggested that I change my plans and don’t go. If I was to get in trouble in the eastern half of the country, they would not be coming to help me. Yes, you read that right.

Yup. The State department said don’t go. But I’ve already bought the plane tickets and reserved the room. I mean seriously, what’s the worst thing that could happen?

Turns out…You can have a fantastic time!

The Old City of Constantinople.

The Sultanahmet neighborhood on the western side of the Bosporus is the area holding most of the old city gems. From a hotel in this area you can explore the must-see tourist items on foot or with a short tram ride.

Things to See and Do.

In a city the size of Istanbul, you are overwhelmed with things to do and see. You can spend every waking hour out in search of the once-in-a-lifetime must-dos, or you can just chill, and enjoy being in Constantinople. I chose the latter. It was definitely a good decision. The following is a list of things that I did while there, and very much enjoyed.

The Hagia Sophia Museum

Hagia Sophia Museum. Brownell. 2019
The Hagia Sophia, in Istanbul. 2019
Script in Hagia Sophia. Brownell. 2019
Islamic script in the Hagia Sophia, Istanbul. 2019
Christian iconography inside Hagia Sophia. Brownell. 2019
Restored Christian iconography inside Hagia Sophia, in Istanbul.

I confess, the reason I fly to Istanbul was to visit this church/mosque/museum. A defining piece of architecture, the Hagia Sophia is the model upon which every other great church is constructed. It is in remarkably good shape for its age, and actually looks better in real life than it’s depictions in some movies.

Now a museum, most of the masses seem to treat it that way. The go-to destination for day trippers and cruise shippers, the Lines you stand in to enter are exasperatingly long and unfriendly. But, once inside, you’ll be overjoyed that you suffered through the wait. The Hagia Sophia is magnificent! That is not an overstatement. Well maintained over the years and retaining the Islamic influences from its time as a mosque, the building is larger than life. You seem to get swallowed up in it as you look around. In the upper levels, preserved and rediscovered Christian mosaics let you feel its original spectacle. It’s hard to put its age and beauty into words that do it justice.

You won’t regret going to see it.

The Blue Mosque

Blue mosque. Brownell. 2019
The Blue Mosque, Istanbul. 2019

Where the Hagia Sophia has long been a museum, and is treated as such, the Blue Mosque is a living and working religious structure. It should be approached with some reverence.

It’s located almost directly across the open green space fro Hagia Sophia. You seriously have trouble missing it. However, it is surrounded by a low wall, so finding an entrance can take a minute.

Catching the mosque in-between the calls to prayer is your best and most-favored option. There is an entry fee into the building and the line doesn’t really seem to disappear. Externally, the building and courtyard are fantastic. Internally most mosques are pretty austere, so I skipped the line and surcharges. The courtyard was extravagant, so if you want to enter and check out the rest, don’t let that steer you clear.

The Basilica Cistern

Author inside the basilica cistern, Istanbul. Brownell. 2019
Author inside the basilica cistern, Istanbul. 2019

Yup, Dan Brown made another spot into a must-see travel destination. I walked in the footsteps of Robert Langdon yet again!

The cistern’s located just up the street from the Hagia Sophia. It has pretty standard hours and an entry fee that says they know you’re going to pay it to go in.

As a tourist attraction it doesn’t disappoint. The walk through the cistern is quite enjoyable. It’s a little hard to get good pictures in the low-light conditions, but you’ll take a bunch anyway, just as I did. If you track it down, Medusa’s head is right where it’s supposed to be.

Keep in mind, the Basilica Cistern get piles of traffic. Most of the entrants are guided tour day-trippers. The line can get huge! Try to go first-thing when they open. It helps to see it in a more peaceful manner.

The Grand Bazar

Grand Bazaar, Istanbul. Brownell. 2019
Grand Bazaar, Istanbul. 2019

The grand bazaar is another one of those must-do Istanbul locations. It’s definitely worth your time, but leave your street bazaar ideas from Middle Eastern countries at home. This isn’t that kind of place. Obviously built up over time, the bazaar is much more a covered shopping area these days. It’s still kitschy-cool. I bought some t-shirts. Go, take the walk, have a good time. You’ll have a shopping story when you return home.

Topkapi Palace

Topkapi Palace, Istanbul. Brownell. 2019
Entrance to the Topkapi Palace, Istanbul. 2019

The Topkapi Palace is a staple on every top-ten list and a major chunk of The Sultanahmet neighborhood. Just like the Hagia Sophia and the Blue Mosque, the Palace draws large crowds of tourists. Get there as early as possible.

Note number one, the audio guides will run out. They did the day I was there, literally the guy behind me got the last one they had. If you don’t want to have to wait around for somebody to return one, get there early.

Note number two, the entry price is NOT all-inclusive. You will pay extra for the harem access. Also the tower, which is a major visual draw inside the palace courtyard, is accessed through the extra charge harem area. Also, it was closed while I was there. Ugh!!

Other than those notes, GO THERE! This place is awesome. It’s no wonder that the Ottomans were an empire after seeing this place. The gardens are excellent. The inner courtyard is spectacular! The outer walls and the inner buildings are in immaculate shape, and are surprisingly airy considering their design and location. I’m not sure I can say enough good things about it. Seriously. Go there!

Bosporus River Cruise

Bosporus lighthouse. Brownell. 2019
A lighthouse in the Bosporus, as seen from the river cruise ship. 2019

Everyone should spend a couple quality hours sailing on the Bosporus. There are numerous options at numerous prices, but the majority of people leave from the ferry terminals on the north side of the Golden Horn, directly next to the bridge. There are several operators, all of which are about the same price wise, offering pretty much the same route. The boats are open-top ferry boats, holding a hundred or two each.

Some major sites are announced on the boats loudspeakers as you pass. The remainder of the trip is yours to look and wonder.

General note: since everyone on the boat wants to take pictures of the various sights, there is always congestion at the rails. Camera wielding tourists switch from one side to another as the boat goes up and down the predetermined route. If you not snapping pictures, there are plenty of seats in the middle to enjoy. The man selling tea will find you there.

Taking in the Joys.

I remember sitting in this rooftop hotel bar drinking a beer and looking out over the Blue Mosque. All the time this was happening I was pondering the idea that I was actually in Constantinople! A place so deep with history that you actually have to decide what you want to explore before hand or you’ll get lost in it all. You have to enjoy the experiences you have. If you don’t, why are you traveling? I intentionally don’t overbook my exploring, just so I know I have time to soak up some of the joy that comes my way. Sometimes, even from a rooftop bar.


I am sooooooooooooooo happy that I went to Constantinople! Okay fine, Istanbul. It turned out to be a great experience, with amazing sites that I’ve been wanting to see for decades. If you use a little common sense and preplanning, you can have an excellent time. Just make sure you look at the logistics in advance. And, don’t forget about the visa! Now, get out there! Explore someplace new! Have a new experience … after the airports open back up post-corona virus.